Each house consisted of a large central hall, 18 m × 8 m (59 ft × 26 ft) and two smaller rooms, one at each end. 980) in the north of Jutland were 28.5 m (94 ft) long, 5 m (16 ft) wide at the ends and 7.5 m (25 ft) in the middle, the long walls curving slightly outwards.The walls consisted of double rows of posts with planks wedged horizontally between them.
Viking ring houses, such as those at Trelleborg, near Slagelse on the Danish island of Zealand, have a rather different, ship-like shape, the long walls bulging outwards.Hundreds of stone churches in the Romanesque style were built in the 12th and 13th centuries.They had a flat-ceilinged nave and chancel with small rounded windows and round arches.Construction of Lund Cathedral in Scania started in about 1103 when the region was part of the Kingdom of Denmark.It was the first of great Danish Romanesque cathedrals in the shape of a three-aisled basilica with transepts.
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It was during this period that, in a country with little access to stone, brick became the construction material of choice, not just for churches but also for fortifications and castles.Under the influence of Frederick II and Christian IV, both of whom had been inspired by the castles of France, Dutch and Flemish designers were brought to Denmark, initially to improve the country's fortifications, but increasingly to build magnificent royal castles and palaces in the Renaissance style.The oldest surviving half-timbered house in Denmark, built in 1527, is located in Køge on the east coast of Sealand. The Old Town in Aarhus, Jutland, is an open-air village museum consisting of 75 historical buildings collected from all parts of the country.In parallel, the half-timbered style became popular for ordinary dwellings in towns and villages across the country.
Late in his reign, Christian IV also became an early proponent of Baroque which was to continue for a considerable time with many impressive buildings both in the capital and the provinces.
The flat ceilings were replaced by high cross vaults, windows were enlarged with pointed arches, chapels and towers were added and the interiors were decorated with murals. Although most Gothic architecture in Denmark is to be found in churches and monasteries, there are examples in the secular field too.
Red brick was the material of choice as can be seen in St. Glimmingehus (1499–1506), a rectangular castle in Scania, clearly presents Gothic features.
Neoclassicism came initially from France but was slowly adopted by native Danish architects who increasingly participated in defining architectural style.
A productive period of Historicism ultimately merged into the 19th century National Romantic style.